Offensive behavior in Animals | Ethology

Two tigers fighjting each other.

Offensive behavior in animals or Aggressive behavior is the type of behavior that comprises of everything which leads to the resolution of conflict between two individuals. It is opposite to that of defensive behavior in animals.

Conflict arises when two individuals compete for the same objects such as food, shelter, mate etc. Conflict may arise between individuals of same species or different species.

The main causes of offensive behavior in animals is aggression which is triggered by external and internal stimuli such as hunger, pain, breeding factor, genetic factor, social circumstances, learning and frustration.

Components of offensive behavior in animals

Offensive behavior in animals consists of four components:

1. Agonistic (Threat)

2.Conflict (Fight)

3. Submission (Accept of defeat)

4. Escape (Flew)

Agonistic

Agonistic or threat is defined as the situation or an animal or anything which is likely to cause damage or danger.

Eg: Tiger is a threat for deer as it kills and eats it.

Tiger is a threat for most herbivorous
Pic 1 : Tiger is a threat for most herbivorous.

Conflict

Conflict or fight is the component of offensive behavior which occurs when both the organism (animals) faces off each other. Conflict may result in injuries or death of the opposition. Although

Eg: A tiger fighting another tiger.

Two tigers fighting each other which is an offensive behavior in animals.
Pic 2 : Two tigers fighting each other.

Submission

Submission is also know as accept of defeat which occurs when one animal looses a fight with an other animal. The animal who losses the conflict will accept defeat to the other animal. All conflict doesn’t result in death as the animal which looses generally flees to save itself from the other animal.

Escape

Escape or flew is the last component of offensive behavior which occurs when one animal losing the conflict will run away to save itself from injuries and death.

Eg: A lion escaping from a herd of buffalo.

A Lion is escaping from a herd of buffalo. Escaping is also an offensive behavior in animals.
Pic 3: A Lion is escaping from a herd of buffalo.
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